Asian American Network for Cancer Awareness, Research and Training (AANCART)
Community-based participatory education, training and research aimed at reducing cancer health disparities among Asian-Americans
Asian American Network for Cancer Awareness, Research and Training (AANCART), established in 2000, is the only National Cancer Institute-designated National Center for Reducing Asian-American Cancer Health Disparities. It is housed at the UC Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center. The mission is to reduce cancer health disparities by conducting community-based participatory education, training and research by, for, and with Asian-Americans. AANCART serves Asian-Americans in Sacramento, which also serves as the National AANCART headquarters, in San Francisco, Los Angeles, and Honolulu, reaching approximately one-third of all Asian-Americans. AANCART focuses specifically on assessing and reducing cancer risks among Americans of Chinese, Filipino, Hmong, Korean and Vietnamese ancestry.
AANCART is the first and only organization to receive an NIH Leadership Award in Health Disparities from the Director of the National Center for Minority Health and Health Disparities (NCMHD) in December 2008. AANCART also received the NCI’s Center to Reduce Cancer Health Disparities (CRCHD) Award for the most publications of any national CNP in July 2009. From inception through 8/31/2014, AANCART colleagues produced 218 peer-reviewed publications; secured $96 million in grants; conducted over 1,743 outreach activities; presented over 700 presentations; and received 43 recognition awards. Additionally, AANCART colleagues have been recognized at the local, state, and national levels for their contributions to the community and to cancer health disparities research.
AANCART projects and programs:
AANCART working with the Hmong Women's Heritage Association to educate and improve cervical cancer screening among Hmong women
Cervical cancer can largely be prevented through routine Pap testing. Hmong women have the lowest Pap screening rates of any racial or ethnic group in California. Working with the Hmong Women’s Heritage Association, AANCART developed a culturally-competent peer navigation program that provides education, help with screening, interpreting and translation services. Moon Chen Jr., a UC Davis professor of hematology and oncology who specializes in developing linguistically specific, culturally tailored and population-based health interventions, oversees AANCART.
Increasing HBV testing and improving access to care in Sacramento’s Asian American community
Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is the leading cause of liver cancer worldwide. Asian-Americans are disproportionately affected by hepatitis B and liver cancer. An estimated 11,000 Asian-Americans in the Sacramento area are infected, and most go undiagnosed. Vaccination for CHB reduces the incidence of liver cancer, but does not benefit those already infected. Through the Sacramento Collaborative to Advance Testing and Care of Hepatitis B (SCrATCH B) program, UC Davis researchers are partnering with community-based organizations, county and state health departments and the National Cancer Institute’s designated National Center for Reducing Asian American Cancer Health Disparities/AANCART to identify at-risk individuals, promote testing and link those with CHB to care.
Asian American Cancer Education Study (AACES)
Access to sufficient quantities of properly collected and annotated biospecimens that represent diverse populations for research increases the likelihood of developing personalized approaches for cancer treatment. A federal grant awarded to AANCART is allowing Asian American cancer patients to be educated on the importance of participating in cancer research through biospecimen donation and enrollment in cancer clinical trials. Program coordinators meet with Asian American patients prior to their appointments and offer an in-language (e.g., Cantonese, Mandarin, Korean, Hmong, or Vietnamese) one-on-one educational session about research participation.
Asian Pacific Islander Cancer Caucus (APICC)
Each quarter, AANCART hosts the Asian Pacific Islander Cancer Caucus meeting with guest speakers to engage students, faculty, staff and local community members on cancer-related issues among the Asian American community. Topics have included lung, liver and breast cancer, advance directives and Alzheimer’s disease. AANCART also awards mini-grants to support community cancer awareness projects. For the 2013-2014 grant period, grants were awarded to the Shifa Clinic, Vietnamese Cancer Awareness, Research and Education Society (VN CARES), California Northstate University — Cancer Awareness, Research and Education Society (CNU CARES) and the Sacramento State University Hmong Health Alliance. Projects include tobacco cessation education, liver cancer prevention education and healthy lifestyle promotion.
HIV Cancer Clinical Trials Education
AANCART has been awarded a two-year supplement to educate HIV-infected patients on clinical trials. This supplement builds upon AANCART’s success in developing educational and behavioral strategies to engage Asian-American communities in cancer clinical trials. Educational strategies are customized to optimize the awareness, accrual and adherence to HIV-related malignancies clinical trials in a culturally tailored manner for minority populations.
Asian Pacific Islander Cancer Education Materials Web Portal (APICEM)
Asian Pacific Islander Cancer Education Materials (APICEM) provides easy access to cancer education materials in Asian and Pacific Islander languages for non-English or limited-English-speaking cancer patients and families as well as health care providers through an online web portal. We have 362 documents in 22 languages covering 29 cancer types and on 24 topics in APICEM contributed by 12 organizations. Since its launch in March 2006 there has been more than 30,000 “hits” to this web portal and APICEM. APICEM is now the major national resource for lay cancer education materials in Asian and Pacific Islander languages.
APICEM WEB TOOL