CHPR faculty members and staff design and execute innovative research using advanced methodologies to improve evidence-based decision making by public and private entities at the local, state, national, and international levels. We offer expertise in the following areas:

  • comparative effectiveness
  • GIS analysis and mapping
  • health economics (e.g., cost-effectiveness analysis, cost-benefit analysis, etc.)
  • patient-centered research
  • program evaluation
  • public deliberation about health care
  • qualitative research (e.g., surveys, focus groups, structured interviews, etc.)
  • systematic evidence reviews                                                                     

Our researchers choose rigorous and appropriate quantitative and qualitative methods when studying a variety of topics related to healthcare quality, efficiency, and outcomes across disparate populations. CHPR members and staff hold subject matter expertise in areas such as:

  • consumer behavior
  • disparities and equity
  • healthcare access, coverage, and utilization
  • ICD-9 / ICD-10 translation
  • Medi-Cal
  • mental/behavioral health
  • physician-patient communication
  • prescription drug use and cost (e.g., specialty drugs, opioids, etc.)
  • preventive care
  • quality of care measurement
  • tobacco cessation
  • women’s health

See “Applied Policy Analysis” for projects that intersect with our policy research such as legislative analysis, quality measurement, and systematic reviews.

Reliability of Diagnoses Coding with ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM
Funding agency: NIH

PI: Eduard Poltavskiy, Ph.D.

Stakeholder Feedback-Secret Shopper Study of Medi-Cal Enrollees
Funding Agency: California Health Care Foundation
PI: Joy Melnikow, M.D., M.P.H.

When the Price Is Not Right: State Options on Prescription Drug Pricing
Funding Agency: Center for Healthcare Decisions

PI: Jeffrey Hoch, Ph.D.

A Case-Control Study to Identify Potentially Modifiable Risk Factors for the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Indicator 11-Postoperative Respiratory Failure
Funding Agency: American Association of Critical Care Nurses (AACN)
PI: Jacqueline Stocking, Ph.D. (c), M.B.A., M.S.N.

Tailored Activiation in Primary Care to Reduce Suicide Behaviors in Middle Aged Men
Funding Agency: CDC
PI: Anthony Jerant, M.D.

Symptoms and Care-Seeking Behvior During Acute Stroke
Funding Agency: Genentech, Inc.
PI: Pat Zrelak, Ph.D., C.N.R.N., C.N.A.A., B.C.

Sacramento Taking Action Against Nicotine Dependence on Community College Campuses
Funding Agency: TRDRP
PI: Elisa Tong, M.D., M.A.

Impact of Cancer Communication Intervention on Caregiver Bereavement
Funding Agency: University of Rochester, NIH
PI: Richard Kravitz, M.D., M.S.P.H.

SpeakOut: Empowering Teen to Teen Communication About Highly Effective Contraception
Funding Agency: DHHS
PI: Eleanor Bimla Schwarz, M.D.

CalPERS Strategic Healthcare Measures Evaluation
Funding Agency: CalPERS
PI: Patrick Romano, M.D., M.P.H.

Understanding Consumer's Views of Cost Sharing, Quality, and Network Choice
Funding Agency: RWJF
PI: Patrick Romano, M.D., M.P.H.

Technical Assistance to CDC Surveillance Programs for ICD-10 Transition
Funding Agency: NAHDO
PI: Patrick Romano, M.D., M.P.H.

UC Tobacco Cessation Network
Funding Agency: CHQI
PI: Elisa Tong, M.D., M.A.

Quality, Safety and Comparative Effectiveness Research Training Program (T32)

Funding Agency: AHRQ

Co-PIs: Joy Melnikow, M.D., M.P.H. and Patrick S. Romano, M.D., M.P.H.

California Healthcare Benefits Review Program
Funding Agency: UCOP

PI: Joy Melnikow

Breast Cancer Screening Technology Systematic Review
Funding Agency: Kaiser Northwest

PI: Joy Melnikow

CHPR Outcomes and Evaluations Core, Behavior Health Center of Excellence
Funding Agency: BHCOE UC Davis

PI: Joy Melnikow

Analytic Enhancement of AHRQ Quality Indicators
Funding Agency: AHRQ

PI: Patrick Romano

Improve Information Transparency of Healthcare Pricing and Quality Outcomes
Funding Agency: State Dept. of Insurance

PI: Patrick Romano

Medical Failure to Rescue
Funding Agency: Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

PI: Patrick Romano

Technical Assistance to CDC Surveillance Programs for ICD-10 Transition
Funding Agency: National Association of Health Data Organizations

Sacramento Taking Action Against Nicotine Dependence on Community College Campuses

Funding Agency: UCOP

PI: Elisa Tong, M.D., M.A.

Innovation Evaluation Center

Funding Agency: UCOP

PI: Patrick S. Romano, M.D., M.P.H.

N-of-1 Trials Using mHealth in Chronic Pain

Funding Agency: NIH

PI: Richard L. Kravitz, M.D., M.S.P.H.

Use of Administrative Data to develop and Validate a Set of Nurse Sensitive Measures in Patients With Stroke

Funding Agency: Neuroscience Nursing Foundation

PI: Patricia Zrelak, Ph.D., C.N.R.N., C.N.A.A., B.C.

Exploring Disparities: Urinary incontinence Treatment Seeking in Mid-life Women

Funding Agency: NIH

PI: Elaine Waetjen, M.D.

Values and Options in Cancer Care (VOICE)
Funding Agency: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Richard L. Kravitz, M.D., M.S.P.H.

Development of Ambulatory Care Outcome Measures
Funding Agency: CMS (Subcontract with Yale University)
Funding Amount: $18.920
PI: Patrick S. Romano, M.D., M.P.H.

Acting to Reduce Variations in Utilization: Advance Care Planning for Heart Failure
Funding Agency: CHF/UCLA
Funding Amount: $42,181
PI: Patrick S. Romano, M.D., M.P.H.

Provider Training to Support Patient Self-efficacy for Depression Care
Funding Agency: NIH
Funding Amount: $698,602
PI: Anthony F. Jerant, M.D.

Promoting Patient-centered Counseling to Reduce Inappropriate Diagnostic Tests
Funding Agency: PCORI
Funding Amount: $687,729
PI: Joshua Fenton, M.D., M.P.H.

Symptoms and Care-Seeking Behavior During Acute Stroke, A Descriptive Study 
PI: Patricia Zrelak, Ph.D., C.N.R.N., N.E.A.-B.C. 
Source of Support: Genentech  

AHRQ Quality Indicators Emergency Preparedness Measures
Principal Investigator: Patrick Romano, M.D., M.P.H.
Source of Support: Batelle Memorial Institute
Approved/Proposed Dates: 1/1/08- (contract extensions and modifications ongoing)
Total Costs: $980,672

Characterizing opioid dose escalation during early chronic opioid therapy for pain
Stephen G. Henry, M.D., M.Sc

Delayed umbilical cord clamping for term infants: Evaluating the impact of adopting a hospital policy for vaginal delieveries and a pilot trial during Cesarean deliveries
Caroline Chantry, M.D.

Anemia, transfusion and outcomes from traumatic brain injury
Garth Utter, M.D., M.Sc.

Comparison of a Clinical Decision Instrument versus Usual Care to Risk Stratify Children for Intra-abdominal Injury after Blunt Abdominal Trauma: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
Daniel K. Nishijima, M.D., M.A.S.

Migrant agricultural workers’ mental health needs and barriers to care:  A pilot study
Natalia Deeb-Sossa, Ph.D. 

Validation of a parent exit interview survey to assess physician counseling on diet and physical activity during pediatric well child visits
Ulfat Shaikh, M.D., M.P.H.

Designing Sustainable Educational Materials for Community-based Programs
Ben Rich, J.D., Ph.D.

What should doctors say when giving prescriptions?  The use of persuasive strategies in medical recommendations
Bo Feng, Ph.D.

Validating methods for assessing vitamin D status in different ancestry groups
Sheri Zidenberg-Cherr, Ph.D.

Social attachment and neurocognitive function as predictors of parental dysfunction in at-risk mothers
Michael J. Minzenberg, Jon Caldwell